I am a historian of crime and punishment in the British Empire in the nineteenth century. I am currently a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Liverpool. I have researched prison islands in colonial Australia, punishment of Aboriginal Nyoongar people in Western Australia, convict labour on dockyards in the British Empire, and created a database of prisoners incarcerated on the notorious Cockatoo Island in Sydney (1839-69). I received my PhD in history from the University of Leicester in 2017, as part of a European Research Council project investigating the transportation of convicts globally. I've also held research fellowships at the National Maritime Museum (London), Institute of Historical Research (University of London) and worked as a research assistant for the Bentham Project (University College London).