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More from Agnes Arnold-Forster

Mesmerism at University College Hospital

The nineteenth-century history of this now-famous medical institution includes stories of cancers cured with “animal magnetism”

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital

The pioneering female doctor set up this hospital for women in the nineteenth century against fierce opposition.

More in United Kingdom

Prison Graffiti in the Beauchamp Tower, Tower of London

The Tower of London is home to some of the most well-known historic graffiti in the city, and many of the marks are located in the Beauchamp Tower. The Beauchamp Tower was built between 1275-1281 during the reign of King Edward I and was later used as a state prison, housing high-ranking prisoners including Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Guildford Dudley. This former prison contains over three-hundred graffiti inscriptions which were created over four centuries by the imprisoned inhabitants to help alleviate their boredom during their confinement and so that they could make sure that they would be remembered. 

Pentonville: the failed prison experiment

When Pentonville “Model” Prison opened its doors in 1842 it was a great carceral experiment. One which turned its human guinea pigs insane spending 24 hours a day in total solitary confinement.